Internship | Singing flexibles
About this position
Flexibles hoses are used in the energy industry to transport gas. A flow through these hoses can cause high amplitude sound (singing) due to flow detachment at the hose internals (corrugations). This phenomenon can damage the hoses and attached piping. This project aims to find how liquid injection can suppress the singing.
What will be your role?
Flexibles hoses are used in the energy industry to transport gas. These type of hoses are used for the transport of for instance natural gas or CO2. Often these flexible hoses have an internally corrugated profile. At each corrugation, the boundary layer separates and an unstable shear layer is formed. This unstable shear layer can interact with an acoustic field and act as an amplifier. This can lead to the generation of a high amplitude tonal sound. This is also called ‘singing’ or ‘whistling’. The amplitudes can be that high that damages have occurred to attached piping. This phenomenon mainly occurs in dry gas (single phase) conditions. If some liquids are present in the gas, the corrugations are partially filled up and liquids will be present in the shear layer. Both effects reduce the source strength and no high amplitude sound is generated [4, 5, 6]. In the field, some successful campaigns were done to postpone the singing by liquid injection. However, in a recent campaign, suppression of the singing via liquid injection required much more liquid than anticipated. Therefore, the methods for the prediction of the behaviour of the liquid are not good enough. One hypothesis off the failed field case is that the cavities in this particular hose were much wider than in previous experiments.
Although the behaviour of the influence of liquid on the singing characteristics is a complex interaction between multiphase aspects, flow separation at the cavities and acoustic interaction, the focus in the student assignment is in the prediction of the liquid in and at the cavities. At this moment no experiments are foreseen and the focus is on CFD simulations of the liquid behaviour at cavities. If the CFD program is successful, experiments might be setup in the 2nd half of the internship for deeper analysis.
What we expect from you
We are looking for a student who is enthusiastic, critical and a team-player. We expect you to work hard and independently on your own project, but ask for help if needed. Knowledge on fluid mechanics and CFD is highly preferred.
Duration: 6 to 9 months
What you'll get in return
You want to work on the precursor of your career; a work placement gives you an opportunity to take a good look at your prospective future employer. TNO goes a step further. It’s not just looking that interests us; you and your knowledge are essential to our innovation. That’s why we attach a great deal of value to your personal and professional development. You will, of course, be properly supervised during your work placement and be given the scope for you to get the best out of yourself. Naturally, we provide suitable work placement compensation.
TNO as an employer
At TNO, we innovate for a healthier, safer and more sustainable life. And for a strong economy. Since 1932, we have been making knowledge and technology available for the common good. We find each other in wonder and ingenuity. We are driven to push boundaries. There is all the space and support for your talent and ambition. You work with people who will challenge you: who inspire you and want to learn from you. Our state-of-the-art facilities are there to realize your vision. What you do at TNO matters: impact makes the difference. Because with every innovation you contribute to tomorrow’s world. Read more about TNO as an employer.
At TNO we encourage an inclusive work environment, where you can be yourself. Whatever your story and whatever unique qualities you bring to the table. It is by combining our unique strengths and perspectives that we are able to develop innovations that make a real difference in society. Want to know more? Read what steps we are taking in the area of diversity and inclusion.
The selection process
After the first CV selection, the application process will be conducted by the concerning department. TNO will provide a suitable internship agreement. If you have any questions about this vacancy, you can contact the contact person mentioned below.
Has this job opening sparked your interest?
Then we’d like to hear from you! Please contact us for more information about the job or the selection process. To apply, please upload your CV and covering letter using the ‘apply now’ button.