Industrial activities will never be entirely risk-free. Hence, it is essential that decision-makers detail the risks as thoroughly as possible and take suitable risk-mitigation measures. TNO has the experience and expertise in house to help companies take stock of the inherent risks, especially in very complicated situations, and to advise on the most effective improvements, both technical and organisational, that can be introduced.
TNO uses a variety of techniques to produce a reliable risk inventory and evaluation. Of course we apply Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA), What-If Analysis, Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA), Hazards and Operability Study (HAZOP) and other such assessment tools, but we can also use audits or surveys as a starting point. The risks can be quantified, as needed, in either a fault tree analysis or a QRA (Quantitative Risk Analysis), to comply with a Dutch governmental decree on the external safety of facilities (BEVI). For hazardous materials, TNO has developed models that can provide accurate predictions of the consequences of any accidents that might occur. These rely on CFD (computational fluid dynamics) modelling, among other processes, and have been validated through experiments performed by TNO and other parties. With this know-how, TNO has made a valuable contribution to the establishment of a risk methodology in the Netherlands, which has been defined in a series of books on quantitative safety and risk analyses published by VROM (the Yellow, Green, Purple and Red Books).
That makes TNO the ideal partner for risk studies in situations where the standard approach to risk management proves inadequate, such as when technical and organisational aspects need to be considered or in cases where exceptional measures are needed or that involve the entire production chain. Risks at the system level
It is important to look ahead. Introducing new substances, such as LNG, CO2 and hydrogen, can be associated with new risks. TNO is working at the system level to detail the potential risks of various technologies and infrastructure options for these substances. TNO's multidisciplinary approach could prove valuable in your situation, as well. Many situations - such as working with new substances, adopting innovative methods or a complicated organisational set-up at an industrial park - demand a thorough, independent risk analysis that can take all of the disparate elements into account at the system level.
This approach can even be used to produce refreshing solutions in more traditional situations, as well. More than technology
Risks are not determined by technology alone. Safety management and the way it is interpreted can also have a big impact on overall safety. TNO views the issue of safety from a broader perspective that takes all of the layers of protection into account. It includes aspects such as technology-human-organisation interactions in its safety analyses. The methodology developed especially for this, 'Safety for Business', also allows decision-makers to include the costs and benefits of safety measures in their considerations. TNO can help you improve safety management and maintain your 'licence to operate'.