Our work

Future quantum computers could offer possibilities for cancer detection

Quantum technology is seen as a key technology that will enable new products and services. Together with TU Delft, TNO is working within QuTech on the computer of the future: the quantum computer. Quantum computers have the ability to solve certain problems much more efficiently than their traditional predecessors. This could make it possible to improve predictions whether malignant cancers will develop in tissue at a later stage.

Interested in what quantum computing can do for your company now and in the future?

Please contact Maran van Heesch

Contact now

A quantum computer makes smart use of the effects of quantum mechanics, which can lead to algorithms which are exponentially faster than their classical counterpart. As a result, quantum computers have the potential to solve complex problems that are practically impossible for today’s computers, as the calculations could take centuries using traditional computers.

Using data to predict

The early detection of cancer is essential for successful treatment. An attempt is therefore being made to develop a model that can predict whether a malignant cancer will develop in tissue. Determining the most important factors that play a role in the development of cancer is one of the greatest challenges for a good prediction. Supervised learning, a subfield of Artificial intelligence offers great potential to create such a model. A large dataset with known labels is given to a computer, which then makes the model based on patterns found in the dataset. 

More computing power required

Supervised learning requires a dataset that contains sufficient (labelled) data. The extent of the data needed depends on the problem. When patterns in the data are less clear, more data are needed for comparable results. Compared, for example, to recognising handwriting, where each letter has clear distinguishing characteristics, finding the characteristics that determine the development of malignant cancer is less clear. So, in order to be able to make useful predictions, large amounts of data are needed. And that means enormous computing power. Quantum computing could offer a solution here.  

Quantum algorithms

TNO is working on quantum algorithms that can demonstrate the added value of quantum computers. Current quantum computers are not yet able to meet the required computing power demands, which is why many algorithms are simulated. We can simulate the quantum algorithm for recognising patterns in the development of cancer using Quantum Inspire, a quantum computer simulator developed by QuTech. Based on a dataset with data on benign and malignant cancer, Quantum Inspire can make a prediction regarding a new data point. In 80% of the cases, this new data point is correctly classified. Although traditional algorithms can still achieve better accuracies by handling larger datasets, the quantum algorithm can solve the problem many times more efficiently. This demonstrates that the potential impact of quantum algorithms on modern life is significant. (Source)

Also read Distance-based classifier on the Quantum Inspire”, R. Wezeman, N. Neumann, F. Phillipson, accepted for ISAAI’19

Fotocredits: Marieke de Lorijn

Theme

Artificial Intelligence - From research to application

Artificial Intelligence (AI) concerns the ability of machines to demonstrate intelligent behaviour. AI is set to transform the way in which we live, work and travel. It will help us improve the competitiveness... Read more
Knowledge

Quantum: Good preparation for the quantum era

The advent of the quantum computer will bring about changes in business processes. Questions like “Is my data still secure?”, “How can I create a quantum-safe connection?” and “Which processes could I... Read more
TNO Insights

Using light to detect cancer

09 March 2018
The principle works: a simple, inexpensive and painless light measurement on the inside of the cheek is all it takes to find out – in good time – whether there are any tumours in the head and neck area,... Read more
Knowledge

New quantum revolution offers opportunities for Dutch business

Quantum technology is a key technology that enables new products and services. Quantum computers, quantum simulators, quantum networks and quantum sensors will soon be able to do things that their ‘traditional’... Read more
Contact

Maran van Heesch

  • Quantum applications
  • Quantum security
  • Cryptography
Email

FOLLOW TNO ON SOCIAL MEDIA

Stay up to date with our latest news, activities and vacancies

TNO.nl collects and processes data in accordance with the applicable privacy regulations for an optimal user experience and marketing practices.
This data can easily be removed from your temporary profile page at any time.
You can also view our privacy statement or cookie statement.