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The emission factors for road traffic are official estimates of vehicles’ average real-world emissions, broken down by type of vehicle, Euro class, type of road and traffic conditions. In the Netherlands,...
Measuring the emissions of passenger cars and vans
TNO has been commissioned by the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment to conduct an in-service testing programme for cars and vans. In the context of this multi-annual programme, TNO subjects...
Real-world vehicle emissions
Road vehicles are a major source of air pollutant emissions. This involves substances such as nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (including PM10), both of which are harmful to health. Vehicle...