Biomass based energy intermediates boosting biofuel production.
The overall objective of this project is to pave the way for decentralized conversion of biomass into optimized, high-energy density carriers which can be utilized in large scale applications for synthesis of transportation fuel and chemicals or directly in small-scale combined heat and power plants (CHP).
Increasing the share of biomass for renewable energy in Europe demands conversion pathways which are economic, flexible in feedstock and energy efficient.
The project concentrates on dry and wet residual biomass and wastes as feedstock for decentralized conversion by fast pyrolysis, catalytic pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization to the intermediate energy carriers oil, coal or slurry. Major activities include the analysis of economic efficiency of the complete production pathways, the optimization of logistic chains and the investigation of environmental compatibility. BioBoost aims at making a substantial improvement towards increasing the efficiency of the use of biomass and residues in the future.
TNO is leading work package 6 "Techno-economic, social and environmental assessment of complete chains". The focus is on the assessment of the techno-economic feasibility, environmental and social sustainability of the various value chains that could emerge from the energy carrier.
Figure shows the share of biomass (production and provision) in total conversion processes (incl. fuel distribution) impacts. GWP: Global Warming Potential; POCP: Photochemical Ozone Creation Potential; AP: Acidification Potential; EP: Eutrophication Potential; ADP: Abiotic Ressource Depletion Potential; CED: Cumulative Energy Demand. (RENEW).