Decision making in autonomous driving

Thema:
Artifical intelligence

Busy intersections are hard enough for people to cope with. So how do we ensure that self-driving cars can safely make their way around towns and cities in the future? TNO is currently experimenting with ‘hybrid AI’ as part of an EU collaborative project.

A constant stream of pedestrians and cyclists. The driver behind you banging impatiently on his horn. For car users, negotiating such chaotic traffic situations can be trying enough, but for self-driving cars, it is even more difficult. After all, there are always sensors that notice an approaching object.

Write the software by hand? forget that!

In other words, self-driving cars are a long way off being able to deal with the complicated traffic situations that exist in urban settings. In the meantime, though, more and more driver-related tasks are being automated in cars. That requires complex software – so complex that it is not possible to write it by hand.

An autonomous car that takes the right decisions

Working closely with NXP, Infineon, DAT. Mobility, AnyWi, and Eindhoven University of Technology, TNO is now part of an EU project dedicated to preparing self-driving cars for urban traffic. Together, we are attempting to demonstrate that applying AI algorithms will make decision making possible. This is an important point, as it could swiftly accelerate the development of a safe autonomous car.

No standard AI, but ‘hybrid’ AI

The AI algorithm works closely with a knowledge graph. This is an information system that AI requires in order to be able to properly assess dangerous traffic situations, and therefore make the right decisions. This ‘hybrid AI’ is a combination of data-learning AI and domain knowledge.

Motorways first, and then more difficult situations

A car fitted with radar, lidar, GPS, and cameras drove around for several days for the purpose of collecting data. TNO is now using the information that it collected to train the AI algorithm. At this first stage, the scope does not extend beyond situations on motorways. This because the conditions on motorways are more clear-cut. The next step will be a good deal more complicated: this will involve the AI algorithm having to decide when a car is able to cross an intersection where there are cyclists. Safely, obviously. In other words, the self-driving car will have to constantly monitor the behaviour of cyclists and respond accordingly.

Handy in harbours

In due course, this type of AI algorithm could also have an important part to play in many other applications, in addition to self-driving cars. One such possible example is that of automated guided vehicles (AGVs) in ports. Another is a care robot, moving around in a hospital. This is another setting that would benefit from an effectively functioning vehicle.

Get inspired

31 resultaten, getoond 6 t/m 10

Rob de Wijk on the rise of AI in geopolitical context

Informatietype:
Insight
27 September 2022

Anne Fleur van Veenstra, director of science at TNO’s SA&P unit, interviews Rob de Wijk, emeritus professor of international relations in Leiden and founder of The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies. Rob is also a much sought-after expert who appears on radio and television programmes. What does the rise of AI mean geopolitically and in armed conflicts?

Bram Schot on the impact of AI on mobility

Informatietype:
Insight
27 September 2022

Marieke Martens, science director at TNO and professor of automated vehicles at the Eindhoven University of Technology, talks to Bram Schot. Schot was the CEO of Audi until 2020, having previously held management positions at various car makers, including Mercedes and Volkswagen. Their conversation concerns the influence of AI on mobility. How will AI impact the production process? And what does a future with autonomous vehicles look like?

Eppo Bruins on AI in different government domains

Informatietype:
Insight
27 September 2022

Michiel van der Meulen, chief geologist for the Geological Survey of the Netherlands (GDN), speaks with Eppo Bruins. Bruins was educated as a nuclear physicist and has spent many years working in the world of science, innovation, and technology. Between 2015 and 2021, he was a Dutch member of parliament for the Christian Union. He was recently appointed chairman of the Advisory council for science, technology and innovation (AWTI). What will AI mean for the various government domains in the coming years?

Bas Haring on AI, science and philosophy

Informatietype:
Insight
27 September 2022

Michiel van der Meulen, chief geologist for the Geological Survey of the Netherlands (GDN), speaks with Bas Haring. Haring originally studied artificial intelligence, which at the time still fell under the umbrella of philosophy, which is why people started calling him a philosopher. He himself feels more like a ‘folk philosopher’: Haring tries to make science and philosophy accessible to a wider audience. In 2001, he published a children’s book about evolution, Cheese and the Theory of Evolution. What better springboard for a geologist and a philosopher to talk about AI?

Arnon Grunberg on AI, creativity and morality

Informatietype:
Insight
27 September 2022

Peter Werkhoven, chief scientific officer at TNO, talks to Arnon Grunberg from his base in New York. Grunberg made his breakthrough in 1994 with his novel, Blue Mondays. He has since become one of the Netherlands’ best-known authors. The two talked about AI over dinner some years ago. Today, they finally get the chance to continue their conversation. What is Grunberg’s view on creativity? Can it be taught to machines? And how do humans morally relate to machines?