Privacy in healthcare: AI with awareness of privacy and security issues
Technically, it is already possible to use artificial intelligence (AI) to determine the chances of survival of cancer patients. However, to be able to do so, the AI system must have access to the databases of various healthcare organisations. The databases in question contain highly personal information. TNO is currently developing a technological solution that will make it possible to safely analyse relevant data from multiple sources but without sharing sensitive information.
To treat cancer patients more effectively, it is essential to have a greater understanding of the factors that influence the impact of treatment and the chances of survival of cancer patients. In other words, patients and doctors alike stand to benefit from a solution that can support such understanding with figures derived from analysing data.
There are of course privacy issues at stake here. They first need to be addressed before AI algorithms actually gain access to databases that contain highly personal information.
Sharing data in healthcare, but without undermining privacy
TNO has found a way of analysing data from different healthcare organisations without actually bringing the data together, and without breaching patients’ privacy. Thanks to multi-party computation, it is possible for AI analyses to be carried out on specific data in various databases. The data is analysed only while still encrypted (unreadable). No personal information about individual patients is shared in the process, so their privacy remains safeguarded.
AI in learning mode
TNO has developed the method in collaboration with the Netherlands Comprehensive Cancer Organisation (IKNL), and is now testing it. During this initial stage, only fictitious data is being used. But the focus is not just on tackling privacy issues.
TNO, IKNL, and other partners are working together with the aim of being able to use even more AI algorithms in a privacy-friendly manner, and without the need to have to wait too long for the outcomes of the calculations. The aim is to acquire fresh understanding, make better treatments possible, and to help reduce the impact of cancer.
These are the major themes for which the solution developed by TNO should be deployed in the near future, but without sensitive data being shared. It really is creating new opportunities. And in other fields, too, there is demand for the use of AI without sharing sensitive information.
Daniël WormFunctie:Senior consultant
Christopher BrewsterFunctie:Senior scientist
Christopher Brewster is a Senior Scientist in the Data Science group and Professor of the Application of Emerging Tecnologies in the Institute of Data Science, Maastricht University. His research has focussed on the application of Semantic Technologies, Open and Linked Data, interoperability architectures and Data Governance, mostly to the food and agriculture domains.
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You can read about how AI is educated in Chapter 1. How can we make clear to AI which goals we want to pursue as humans? Andhow can we ensure intelligent systems will always function in service of society?
Innovation with AI
What does that world look like in concrete terms? Using numerous examples, TNO has created a prognosis for the future in Chapter 2. Regarding construction, for example, in which AI will be used to check the quality, safety, and energy efficiency of buildings before they are actually built. Or healthcare, where robots will partly take over caregivers’ tasks and AI will be able to autonomously develop medicines.
Innovating with innovation AI
How AI will change research itself is explained in Chapter 3. For example, what role will AI be permitted to play in knowledge sharing? And what will happen when we make machines work with insurmountably large data sets?
David Deutsch on the development and application of AI
Peter Werkhoven, chief scientific officer at TNO, joins physicist, Oxford professor, and pioneer in the field of quantum computing, David Deutsch, for a virtual discussion. Deutsch set out his vision in 1997 in the book, The Fabric of Reality. Together, they talk about the significance of quantum computing for the development and application of AI. Will AI ever be able to generate ‘explained knowledge’ or learn about ethics from humans?
Rob de Wijk on the rise of AI in geopolitical context
Anne Fleur van Veenstra, director of science at TNO’s SA&P unit, interviews Rob de Wijk, emeritus professor of international relations in Leiden and founder of The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies. Rob is also a much sought-after expert who appears on radio and television programmes. What does the rise of AI mean geopolitically and in armed conflicts?