Achieving global climate change mitigation and adaptation goals of the Paris Climate Agreement requires trillions of dollars in investments in, among others, sustainable energy infrastructure globally in the coming decades. Research and further insight is necessary to support sufficient and efficient decision making on investment in energy infrastructure.
TNO performs research on how investments in the Dutch energy transition can be accelerated and scaled up.
This study looked at and makes 6 observations into the possible role of institutional investors who have sufficient capital to initiate a successful energy transition.
Financing the energy transition in the Netherlands: the important role of institutional investors
Evidence of direct impact of fossil fuel divestment in relation to the reduction of CO2 emissions is limited. The divestment has helped raise awareness of the need for climate action and increased support for climate policy.
Divestment from fossil fuels: will it accelerate the energy transition?
Standardization and aggregation are prerequisites to enable the securitization of energy efficiency assets and thus raise capital from institutional investors to bridge the energy efficiency investment gap in Europe.
Think big: reduce the investment gap for energy efficiency in the EU
District heating cooperatives can help overcome some of the financial and social challenges of the heat transition. However, Dutch small-scale cooperatives have difficulty with access to and costs of capital, because financiers often see cooperative systems as a high-risk investment.
The financial needs and benefits of cooperative district heating