Our work

Simulation: Live, Virtual and Constructive

"Using satellite data and other data collected yesterday, we practice today for tomorrow's mission" For TNO, that is the essence of simulation research. By integrating Live, Virtual and Constructive simulations in a smart manner, we create added value in training sessions. Being independent of the weather, the location, available materials and human resources is what creates that added value. Moreover, simulation training is safe and cost-efficient for organisations. Simulation makes it possible to perform types of training that would otherwise be impossible.

Experts in simulation research

TNO is a valued knowledge partner and expert in simulation research. Thanks to our unique and long-term cooperation within NATO and the EU, we are frontrunners in this area of expertise. Close cooperation with government bodies, knowledge institutions and industrial partners enables us to translate ideas into products quickly and effectively. This allows us to guarantee a fast innovation cycle.

Anticipating technological developments

Technology develops rapidly in simulation. We anticipate these developments with simulation research and make it possible to rapidly implement innovative ideas for practical issues.

Making society resilient

Simulation is an increasingly important resource for Defence and Security. It concerns critical knowledge and is an indispensable technique for training and development purposes. The complexity of contemporary military training and the scarcity of available resources mean an increase in demand for research on the use of simulation in training. TNO applies its knowledge to solve current and pressing issues of clients. We make society more resilient through simulation research.

Modelling and simulation

Modelling and simulation are well-established tools for analysis, design, acquisition and training in the military domain. Simulation research can, of course, also be used in other training domains, such as the police or fire brigade. TNO distinguishes between three different types of simulations:

  • In Live simulations, real people operate real systems, such as a soldier on a field training mission.
  • In Virtual simulations (virtual reality), a player operates in a simulated environment, such as a pilot in a flight simulator or Max Verstappen in an F1 racing simulator.
  • In Constructive simulations, both humans (artificial intelligence) and the environment are simulated. Consider, for instance, a war game for mission planning or SimCity, a strategy game.

Live, Virtual and Constructive simulations simulate reality in a smart way. People learn, in simulated training, how to act in real situations. TNO uses simulation research to find the optimal mix of simulations. Simulation research delivers knowledge, methods and instruments for Live, Virtual and Constructive integration, for example techniques for interoperability, validation, synthetic environment and behaviour modelling.

Do you need help with an issue?

Would you like to know more about simulation in training and are you looking for a partner to help you find answers? Contact us to find out more. TNO would be pleased to help you.


Marja Eijkman new Managing Director Unit Defence, Safety & Security

21 January 2020
We are pleased to announce that Ir. M.J. (Marja) Eijkman (54) will join TNO on 16 April 2020 as Managing Director of the unit Defence, Safety & Security, succeeding Henk Geveke. Mrs Eijkman has broad... Read more

NetForce Command: an alternative for command and control in a changing world

12 December 2019
What happens if hierarchical command and control no longer work in the hyper-connective world of tomorrow? Today, at Innovation in Defence in The Hague, one of TNO’s leading research groups presented the... Read more

Innovative crisis management solutions assessed in realistic simulation of a flooding scenario in The Netherlands

23 May 2019
On 22nd and 23rd May 2019, five innovative solutions were assessed in a realistic simulation of a flooding scenario in The Hague, The Netherlands. The simulation was part of a two-day tabletop DRIVER+... Read more


Wim Huiskamp MSc

  • Simulation
  • Modelling
  • Gaming
  • Interoperability


Stay up to date with our latest news, activities and vacancies

TNO.nl collects and processes data in accordance with the applicable privacy regulations for an optimal user experience and marketing practices.
This data can easily be removed from your temporary profile page at any time.
You can also view our privacy statement or cookie statement.