Our work

Ballistic Performance and Personal Protection

What injuries can be expected due to a bullet impact on a helmet? How does a bullet, explosion or grenade (IED) affect the human body? What protection level is provided by bullet proof vests and how can this be improved? Can feasible requirements for personal protection be specified given a specific threat range?

This is just a small selection of the questions TNO can answer. Research projects typically start with the definition of the threat (explosive, ammunition, etc.) which is transformed into a load or effect on the human body, outfit and gear. Combining experiments with numerical simulations provides an efficient method to evaluate the protection level provided by the equipment. The results of which may be compared with international standards and research. Participation in international forums keeps TNO at the front end of global developments. This enables TNO to support and advise on the improvement and development of personal protection. In cooperation with other TNO departments other aspects may be addressed including ergonomics, selection of materials or fabrication techniques.

Support and development

TNO advises in finding solutions to improve personal protection systems and enhance the security and safety of persons for a range of threats including bullets, explosions, fragments, knife stabbing, hitting and punching.


Marja Eijkman new Managing Director Unit Defence, Safety & Security

21 January 2020
We are pleased to announce that Ir. M.J. (Marja) Eijkman (54) will join TNO on 16 April 2020 as Managing Director of the unit Defence, Safety & Security, succeeding Henk Geveke. Mrs Eijkman has broad... Read more

NetForce Command: an alternative for command and control in a changing world

12 December 2019
What happens if hierarchical command and control no longer work in the hyper-connective world of tomorrow? Today, at Innovation in Defence in The Hague, one of TNO’s leading research groups presented the... Read more

Innovative crisis management solutions assessed in realistic simulation of a flooding scenario in The Netherlands

23 May 2019
On 22nd and 23rd May 2019, five innovative solutions were assessed in a realistic simulation of a flooding scenario in The Hague, The Netherlands. The simulation was part of a two-day tabletop DRIVER+... Read more



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