Annual TO2 Impact report 2021: TO2MORROW
How do applied research organisations (TO2 federations) contribute to solutions for societal challenges, such as security and climate change, and to strengthening the competitiveness of Dutch industry?
ISSUES OF TODAY
How can healthcare remain affordable and accessible? And, moreover, how do we cope with the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic or climate change? How can businesses continue to grow and innovate so that we remain a prosperous country? These are not minor or simple issues for which Deltares, MARIN, TNO, Wageningen University & Research and the Royal Netherlands Aerospace Centre, i.e. The ‘big five’ for applied research, are searching for solutions. They are, however, the issues of today.
Which innovative solutions contribute to a sustainable, clean, safe and secure future for the Netherlands?
Read the full impact report
IMPACT REPORT 2021: INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS
The TO2 organisations, which are united in the TO2 federation, are TNO, WUR, Deltares, NLR and MARIN. In close collaboration with the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Change, they are today publishing their Impact Report 2021, in which they show by means of examples how their innovative solutions contribute to a sustainable, clean, healthy and safe and secure future for the Netherlands. A significant part of the research is funded by the government, and the TO2 organisations involved are pleased to show the results in this accessible publication.
The impact report is issued annually. Specific impact in this report involves, for example, the development of the largest and most powerful wind turbine in the world, the secure and privacy-proof sharing of healthcare data, defence against drones based on high-energy laser beams, the thermal battery that represents a breakthrough for energy storage, sustainability using wood construction and the sending of data securely and rapidly via satellites. The growth in added value of businesses that use TNO for their research is also considered. Finally, special emphasis is placed on the use of practical innovations to combat the COVID-19 virus.
Let yourself be inspired
You can read about how AI is educated in Chapter 1. How can we make clear to AI which goals we want to pursue as humans? Andhow can we ensure intelligent systems will always function in service of society?
Innovation with AI
What does that world look like in concrete terms? Using numerous examples, TNO has created a prognosis for the future in Chapter 2. Regarding construction, for example, in which AI will be used to check the quality, safety, and energy efficiency of buildings before they are actually built. Or healthcare, where robots will partly take over caregivers’ tasks and AI will be able to autonomously develop medicines.
Innovating with innovation AI
How AI will change research itself is explained in Chapter 3. For example, what role will AI be permitted to play in knowledge sharing? And what will happen when we make machines work with insurmountably large data sets?
David Deutsch on the development and application of AI
Peter Werkhoven, chief scientific officer at TNO, joins physicist, Oxford professor, and pioneer in the field of quantum computing, David Deutsch, for a virtual discussion. Deutsch set out his vision in 1997 in the book, The Fabric of Reality. Together, they talk about the significance of quantum computing for the development and application of AI. Will AI ever be able to generate ‘explained knowledge’ or learn about ethics from humans?
Rob de Wijk on the rise of AI in geopolitical context
Anne Fleur van Veenstra, director of science at TNO’s SA&P unit, interviews Rob de Wijk, emeritus professor of international relations in Leiden and founder of The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies. Rob is also a much sought-after expert who appears on radio and television programmes. What does the rise of AI mean geopolitically and in armed conflicts?