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Buildings and civil infrastructures form an essential part of everyday life. Reliability based design is important because failures may have significant financial consequences and may result in injuries and loss of lives. A key issue is therefore to derive for a structure not
only models for resistance and load, but also given these models, the probability
of failure and to make a decision if the structure is safe enough. To deal with uncertainties and scatter, probabilistic techniques are needed to connect the model to a safe application for practise; a probabilistic approach makes it possible to design safe and
reliable structures while avoiding costly over-design.