Infrastructure protection and survivability

Thema:
Protection, munitions and weapons

Infrastructures, such as buildings, protective structures, industrial complexes, tunnels, harbours and pipelines, are a vital part of modern society, all of which are extremely vulnerable to the effects of an explosion. And while an explosion might be unlikely, realistically it cannot be ruled out and the risks should therefore be taken seriously.

An explosion can occur during a military operation, be the result of an accident, or caused deliberately by a terrorist attack. TNO offers clients a broad range of products and services in relation to explosions and protection of infrastructure, such as assessments and advice on countermeasures.

Secure infrastructure: Serving a broad client base

TNO serves a broad client base ranging from the Netherlands Ministery of Defence (MoD) and other governmental ministries to commercial businesses and manufacturers, as well as industry associations.

As an independent organisation with extensive and multidisciplinary experience and track record in applied R&D, we are the trusted partner of the military and our NATO partners. We also assist the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in ensuring the safety and security of Dutch embassies abroad.

Expertise in assessments and countermeasures

Our varied customer base is matched by the range of products and services that TNO offers to its clients. It all starts with a threat and scenario assessment. In collaboration with our client we establish the potential threat(s) as well as realistic hypothetical scenarios. Having defined a scenario, we carry out a vulnerability assessment to define the probable effects of an explosion. TNO also conducts risk assessments.

Using accepted methodologies and (proprietary) models, TNO can determine the probability of an identified threat scenario. We can also predict the potential effects and consequences for people, assets and the security of critical infrastructure should an explosion occur.

To minimise the probability and consequences of an explosion, TNO offers valuable insights garnered through our research and development. To this end, we provide advice on the most effective countermeasures that can be deployed.

At the request of the Netherlands Ministry of Defence, for example, we have carried out Quantitative Risk Analyses (QRA) with respect to safety in the transport, transfer and storage of ammunition.
We do this with our specific expertises:

Unique test & evaluation facilities

Our clients benefit from our position as a leading knowledge and R&D institute. We keep up with – and stand at the forefront of – technological developments, derive new models from evolving knowledge, and share insights distilled from experience and expertise. We do this with the help of state-of-the-art facilities. Our teams have access to experimental labs and offer services such as:

We test and qualify components and structures for compliance with the relevant standards.

  • We combine our test & evaluation capabilities with know-how on numerical simulations and theoretical expertise to obtain full understanding of the consequences of threats for structures and related occupants. With in-house developed software we are able to compare the consequences of threat scenarios and to advise authorities and industries on how to improve the safety and security of critical infrastructure.
  • We provide post-event (forensic) analytics. If an explosion occurs, whether due to accident or attack, we collect data on the structural damage and injuries to persons resulting from the blast to arrive at an assessment of the characteristics of the explosive charge and specific situation.

It is our mission to make an impact by innovating and applying our expertise. The multidisciplinary nature of our research and development work adds unique value in helping our clients address the societal challenges which they face every day.

Get inspired

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Educating AI

Informatietype:
Insight
27 September 2022

You can read about how AI is educated in Chapter 1. How can we make clear to AI which goals we want to pursue as humans? Andhow can we ensure intelligent systems will always function in service of society?

Innovation with AI

Informatietype:
Insight
27 September 2022

What does that world look like in concrete terms? Using numerous examples, TNO has created a prognosis for the future in Chapter 2. Regarding construction, for example, in which AI will be used to check the quality, safety, and energy efficiency of buildings before they are actually built. Or healthcare, where robots will partly take over caregivers’ tasks and AI will be able to autonomously develop medicines.

Innovating with innovation AI

Informatietype:
Insight
27 September 2022

How AI will change research itself is explained in Chapter 3. For example, what role will AI be permitted to play in knowledge sharing? And what will happen when we make machines work with insurmountably large data sets?

David Deutsch on the development and application of AI

Informatietype:
Insight
27 September 2022

Peter Werkhoven, chief scientific officer at TNO, joins physicist, Oxford professor, and pioneer in the field of quantum computing, David Deutsch, for a virtual discussion. Deutsch set out his vision in 1997 in the book, The Fabric of Reality. Together, they talk about the significance of quantum computing for the development and application of AI. Will AI ever be able to generate ‘explained knowledge’ or learn about ethics from humans?

Rob de Wijk on the rise of AI in geopolitical context

Informatietype:
Insight
27 September 2022

Anne Fleur van Veenstra, director of science at TNO’s SA&P unit, interviews Rob de Wijk, emeritus professor of international relations in Leiden and founder of The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies. Rob is also a much sought-after expert who appears on radio and television programmes. What does the rise of AI mean geopolitically and in armed conflicts?