Informatietype:
Project
Thema:
Synthetic fuels and chemicals
Unit:
Energy & Materials Transition

Sustainable aviation fuels from CO2, water and green energy

Status project

present - 2026

In cooperation with

CNRS, SDU, RWTH Aken, Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, RWE, AsahiKasei Europe, FEV, SkyNRG

There is much to be gained in civil aviation when it comes to achieving climate targets. The sector is responsible for two to three per cent of global CO2 emissions. Since flying on electrical or hydrogen power will not be a realistic option for long-haul flights in the coming decades, sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is currently the only realistic option for making aviation more sustainable.

Over the next four years, TNO is leading a project called Take-Off in which a European consortium of scientific and market players will develop a new technology to make synthetic kerosene more efficient in comparison with existing sustainable fuels. Synthetic kerosene will be produced from CO2, water and green energy. By simplifying the process and reducing the cost of aviation fuel, it will become easier for aviation to switch to sustainable fuels.

Sienna: A unique technology

The proposed method is based on a unique and patented reactor technology recently developed by TNO, called SIENNA. It makes it possible to produce synthetic kerosene from CO2 in just two steps. The usual method involves producing syngas (CO+H2), which is first converted into very long hydrocarbon chains, then cutting them up again and separating the desired kerosene fraction from them.

In this way, too much energy and product is lost. The TNO technology is based on two steps. CO2 is converted in the SIENNA reactor into light olefins (ethylene and propylene) in one go and then very precisely and efficiently into kerosene, making large recycling streams and purification steps redundant.

Cooperation with science and industry

In the project, TNO brings together national and international partners from the entire chain: research institutes, energy companies, soil and fuel suppliers and the organisation CO2 Value Europe that represents companies focusing on CO2 capture and reuse. Universities from Lille, France (CNRS), SDU from Denmark and RWTH Aachen, Germany, together with TNO, provide the scientific knowledge.

Big names from the business world include Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, which is cooperating with energy company RWE, AsahiKasei Europe, FEV and Dutch company SkyNRG, world market leader in the field of sustainable fuel for aviation. Representatives on the advisory board include KLM, Total, ExxonMobile, Amsterdam Port Authority, DMT Environmental Technology, Global Alliance Powerfuels and NISA, the Nordic Initiative for Sustainable Aviation.

Significant cost savings

The parties in the European Take-Off project, which is partly funded by the EU, will be determining the technical and economic performance of the sustainable aviation fuel as well as its positive impact on the environment.

Initial research shows that the envisaged production method requires much less energy, potentially reducing the cost of sustainable fuel for the aviation sector by 30 to 40 per cent. All the innovative steps of the new process will be demonstrated under industrially realistic conditions

Get inspired

8 resultaten, getoond 1 t/m 5

Climate goals achievable with strategic approach

Informatietype:
News
14 November 2022

Both globally and in the Netherlands, we are lagging the Paris climate targets. Meeting the climate targets is urgent, but possible. TNO advocates an integrated approach and demonstrates how we can speed up the process towards climate neutrality.

Breakthrough electrolyser development: 200 times less iridium needed

Informatietype:
News
24 October 2022

Produced via electrolysis using electricity from the sun and wind, green hydrogen has a crucial role to play in the energy transition. Iridium is a scarce material that is presently essential to electrolysers working with the commonly used Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) technology.

TNO and partners to work together to boost the efficiency of renewable hydrogen production

Informatietype:
News
26 April 2022
TNO, Bekaert, Johnson Matthey and Schaeffler are working on a new generation of electrolysers. The goal is energy efficiency and cost reduction.

HY3-project: Towards Dutch-German hydrogen value chains

Informatietype:
News
31 March 2022
Forschungzentrum Jülich (Germany), German energy agency - Dena (Germany) and TNO (the Netherlands), have jointly cooperated in the project HY3 to provide the insights into what a transnational hydrogen economy might look like in 2050.

European Industry & Energy Summit 2021

Informatietype:
News
30 November 2021

Join industrial and energy leaders at the European Industry & Energy Summit 2021.
December 7th and 8th Rotterdam Ahoy will host Europe’s largest event covering both the industry as well as the power business. In two days more than a dozen keynotes, side events, cases and Energizing talks will update you about future opportunities and threats of the energy transition and climate agreement.