Laser satellite communication

Thema:
Satellite communication

There is a growing demand for more data, due to, among other things, the advent of self-driving cars, social media with more videos, and the ‘Internet of Things’. The existing connections cannot meet that demand. Laser satellite communication offers a solution.

What is laser satellite communication?

Laser satellite communication is optical communication that uses satellites. Satellites send information to Earth via laser signals, or invisible light signals. This makes data transmission much faster than using the radio frequencies that we currently use for communication all over the world.

Satellite communication: fast and secure communication, made possible by TNO

Watch the video about SATCOM

Optical satellite communication via a satellite network

The laser signals connect satellites with each other directly using so-called inter-satellite links. But they also connect satellites and receiving stations on Earth. A receiving station can also be built into an aeroplane, providing internet during the flight. Laser satellite communication works best if you build a network of multiple satellites. These exchange data among themselves and then send it back to Earth.

Creating an effective laser communication network requires dozens or even hundreds of satellites. Together, they can reach the entire surface of the earth. There are a number of companies and institutions building these networks. SpaceX is doing it with StarLink, the European Space Agency ESA is building EDRS. These networks consist of satellites that are becoming ever smaller and cheaper.

The advantages of satellite communication

Laser satellite communication allows you to send much more data. Its power consumption is much lower, and, at the same time, its efficiency is higher. Moreover, it can be as much as 10 times faster than normal communication. Using laser satellite communication, you can process a terabit of information per second. That's about 125 gigabytes. Its speed is the equivalent of simultaneously streaming 200,000 Netflix films in HD quality. Laser satellite communication is also much safer than radio communication because it's much harder to eavesdrop. That's why this form of communication is also very interesting for the Ministry of Defence.

More data processing needed

Laser satellite communication offers advantages, but it is also necessary. For example, the advance of the self-driving car is unstoppable. These autonomous vehicles process gigabytes of data every second. And it's not just cars that are getting smarter and, therefore, need more data. Our homes can also do more and more. Thermostats, refrigerators, and smoke detectors – an increasing number require an internet connection and process more and more data.

To process all that data, the current radio frequency spectrum is no longer enough. It’s too limited in terms of data processing. And a lot of people are already using it, creating scarcity and disruptions.

Our work

We work with more than 30 researchers to develop satellite communication. We focus on the optical part, collaborate with various parties, and do research on RF technology.

The optical part

We don't build the whole satellite, but only the optical part through which the satellites communicate with ground stations and optical terminals for inter-satellite communication. We are also developing the key technologies needed for the future, more advanced terminals. Some examples are high-precision mechanisms, optical components, the production of mirrors, and components for photonics. An important task for us is to make the components smaller, cheaper, and, therefore, more commercially interesting.

Collaboration

We frequently work with the Dutch and European space and high-tech industries. Our country has many companies that are already building microchips or other components relevant to laser satellite communication. We help these companies to deploy their work processes and machines. This benefits both parties.

RF Technology

We are committed to researching radio frequency (RF) technology for satellite communication. Our focus is on phased array antenna systems and the building blocks used to construct them. Whether you need an innovative step in MMIC design with GaN technology, an analogue multipaction-free front-end design, wide steering phased antenna design or RF lens antennas, you can trust us to translate the most advanced research results into new satellite communication technology.

Optical feederlink demonstrator

Watch the video about Optical Feederlink Demonstrator

Airborne Laser Communication Demonstrator

Watch the video about the Airborne Laser Communication Demonstrator

Cubecat Laser communication Terminal

Watch the video about the Cubecat Laser communication Terminal

TNO’s Optical Ground Station Demonstrator

Watch the video about TNO's Optical Ground Station Demonstrator

Get inspired

36 resultaten, getoond 1 t/m 5

Satellite instrument OMI orbits Earth for 100,000th time

Informatietype:
News
4 May 2023

This week, the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) reaches a milestone: 100,000 orbits of Earth. This is extra special because the monitoring instrument was originally designed for a six-year mission after its launch in 2004. OMI has since been monitoring atmospheric emissions and the ozone hole for more than 18 years, which has provided a lot of useful data. This enabled TNO, for instance, to measure the effects of stricter air quality policies in European countries.

Jan Nijenhuis appointed Knight in the Order of the Lion of the Netherlands

Informatietype:
News
26 April 2023

Jan Nijenhuis Knight has been appointed Knight in the Order of the Lion of the Netherlands. This royal appointment is an acknowledgement of his ground-breaking research in the field of opto-mechatronics. Today, Jan received the decorations that go with this award from Marja van Bijsterveldt, mayor of the city of Delft.

Norwegian satellite with SmallCAT laser communication system aboard, successfully launched

Informatietype:
News
15 April 2023

Norway's NorSat Technology Demonstrator has been successfully launched by the Norwegian Space Agency from SpaceX in California. The NorSat-TD satellite carries several payloads, including the SmallCAT laser communication system, which was developed by TNO-led consortium to enhance data transmission capabilities of small satellites using direct-to-earth laser communication. SmallCAT will be tested in orbit over the next few months by connecting with the optical ground station at a TNO location in The Hague.

TNO-led Dutch consortium to develop HemiCAT laser communication terminal

Informatietype:
News
22 March 2023

TNO will begin developing a laser communication terminal with a consortium of Dutch partners. This high-efficiency miniature demonstrator called HemiCAT will increase data transmission capabilities of small satellites via direct to earth laser communication.

FSO Instruments introduces laser satellite communications to the market

Informatietype:
News
14 March 2023

The Dutch technology developers and producers, Demcon and VDL Groep, are combining their laser satellite communication activities in FSO instruments. This is the first laser satellite communication technology company to be founded in the Netherlands and builds onto the groundbreaking technology developed by the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) in cooperation with companies, including Demcon and VDL.