Biomass to fuels and feedstock
In close cooperation with industry and other knowledge institutions, the TNO Biomass programme is responding to this by developing and implementing thermochemical conversion technology in combination with catalysis and separation technology for the conversion of biomass into chemicals/materials, fuels, electricity and heat. The aim is to maximise value creation through the production of an informed combination of chemicals/materials, biofuels, electricity and heat, with optimum use of "molecular capital" in both biomass and biomass as a sustainable carbon source, with sustainability as a prerequisite. Cascading, the use of residual flows and the closing of cycles, is essential here.
TNO focuses on desk studies (e.g. technology scans, techno-economic evaluations, LCA), in-house technology development, support of industrial technology development and of market implementation and the commercial application of biomass conversion technology with high-quality R&D services. The programme covers the entire value chain from biomass feedstocks (excl. cultivation and harvesting) to end products, and comprises the following four main subjects with related special focus areas:
Biomass preparation and use of residues
- Hydrothermal pre-processing (wet torrefaction, TORWASH®)
- Biochar energy co-production and valorisation of biochar and other residues
- Green gas and green transport fuels
- Co-production of chemicals (BTX, ethylene)
- Support for demonstration and market introduction of gasification and gas cleaning technologies (MILENA/OLGA)
- Stand-alone biomass boilers
- Development of the energy island in bio-based/biorefinery processes
- 2nd life of coal-fired power plants
- R&D services to support market implementation
- Biomass fractionation (including FABIOLA™)
- Processes for the reprocessing of sugars and lignin into raw materials for chemistry and materials (including lignin pyrolysis)
- Seaweed processing
ARBAHEAT - Sustainable future for coal-fired power stations possible through conversion to biomass
For the hundreds of coal-fired power stations in Europe, the question is currently whether they will have to shut down in the transition to a sustainable energy system or whether a sustainable restart...
AMBITION Advanced biofuel production from lignin rich residues
AMBITION aims to transform biofuel conversion technologies, with a scope that fits within international energy systems. In this project innovative key unit operations in biofuels production are developed...
BECOOL EU Brazilian cooperation on advanced biofuels
The cooperation between Europe and Brazil on advanced biofuels will bring mutual benefits and will create synergies at scientific level through the development of research and demonstration activities....
Horti-BlueC - a new EU cooperation on reducing Bio-waste and CO2-footprint in horticulture
Horti-BlueC is a new EU project in the 2Seas area. The role of TNO is to turn bio-waste streams into Bio-energy and Biochar. Biochar is a charcoal-like product that is very porous and lightweight and will...
UNRAVEL - valorization of lignocellulosic biomass
Specialists from the entire value chain work together on the development and scale-up of the mild fractionation process, FABIOLA(TM) which has a large potential for improving the cost-effective pretreatment...
MacroFuels advanced biofuels from seaweed
In MacroFuels we develop technology to produce advanced biofuels form seaweed for the transportation sector. Seaweed only needs seawater and CO2 to grow at one of the fastest rates observed in the EU....
BRISK2 Biofuel Research Infrastructure for Sharing Knowledge
The Biofuels Research Infrastructure for Sharing Knowledge BRISK2 provides researchers with funded access to unique equipment and expertise across Europe. Fifteen partners offer equipment for a range of...
New facility for seaweed processing
On 7 November our new facility for seaweed processing was opened. In this facility, the essential process steps for converting seaweed into bio-based fuels and raw materials can be developed. This is the...
TORWASH technology successfully tested on pilot scale at a wastewater treatment plant in The Netherlands
TNO has developed a patented technology called TORWASH®. This year, a 50-L/h pilot plant has been commissioned and is operational at the wastewater treatment plant of Almere, The Netherlands. The goal...
Biofuels lab: Making transport more sustainable with biofuels
The transport sector is a major consumer of fossil energy. The current share of renewable energy is only around 10%. European regulations require fuel suppliers to increase this share to 14% by 2030,...
Take-Off: Sustainable aviation fuels from CO2, water and green energy
There is much to be gained in civil aviation when it comes to achieving climate targets. The sector is responsible for two to three per cent of global CO2 emissions. Since flying on electrical or hydrogen...